Hiker’s Guide to Poisonous Plants

Hitting the path might be the best pleasure for hikers, however they have to know about the poisonous vegetation that they could come across throughout their journey. Even the slightest contact with any of those vegetation may end up in rashes, itchiness, blisters and even acute central nervous system issues. In worst instances, even loss of life can’t be ruled out. While protective apparels can cut back risks of skin contact, figuring out the vegetation is a necessity.

Poison Ivy

Poison ivy has three oval and shiny leaflets – one within the center and two on the sides. The shade of the leaves changes with changes in season. Although the leaf shouldn’t be poisonous, rashes can come up from the sap. There might be bruised or damaged pores and skin, itchiness, redness, irritation, and blisters that break and ooze pus and other issues anywhere between 6 and 14 days after exposure. The issues might be remedied with cool baths, over-the-counter skin medicines, antibiotic ointment and many others.

Poison Sumac

Poison Sumac is bigger than poison ivy, and is about 5 – 20 ft in measurement. There are 9 – 13 leaflets with out teeth which are connected by a stem. These come up throughout the summer season and spring seasons, and comprise of green leaves along with white fruit and green flowers. Contact with the plant may end up in redness, itching, swelling and different points comparable to that of poison ivy exposure. Topical and oral steroids and antihistamines can alleviate such issues.

Poison Oak

Poison oak, comparable to poison ivy, consists of shiny, Three-parted leaves that are reddish black, yellow, orange, pink or green in color – based mostly on the season. The grey or brown stems of the plant can vary between 1 and 6 ft in top. These are frequent in summer season and spring seasons. Exposure to this plant can lead to itchy, burning pores and skin and rashes. Use of antihistamine, hydrocortisone cream or oatmeal bath is advisable so as to control and remedy the symptoms arising due to exposure.


Although used for Christmas ornament, the plant isn’t as harmless as it might appear. Holly leaves are green, pointed and leathery, and usually vary between 2 and four inches in size. The leaves are non-poisonous, however the berries might be dangerous if ingested in large numbers. Nausea, diarrhea, vomiting and even central nervous system depression are frequent issues, and may need emergency treatment.


Hemlock, with purple-blotched stem and fern-like leaves, has a musty odor. Ingestion of hemlock berries can produce effects similar to nausea, muscle ache, drowsiness, fast coronary heart rate together with different severe points that may grow to be lethal. Emergency treatment is critical.

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